Quick Guide To EV Charging Cable Types And Sizes

EV charging cable types are not interchangeable. Different versions are available, just like different EV standards. You risk spending valuable time and money buying the wrong cable type.

You can save money and get the best out of your car by knowing the differences in the types and sizes of EV charging cables.

This is a quick and thorough guide to EV charging cable sizes and types, along with bonus tips for choosing the right type.

Different Types Of EV Charging Cables

The type of vehicle and its inlet port will determine the connectors and cables used for EV charging. Some lines offer connectors which provide fast charging like type 1 to type 2 adapter. The various types of EV charging cables are:

3-Pin Electric Vehicle Charging Cable

These connectors, also known as Mode 1 or portable charging cables, are similar to the ones used on large appliances such as refrigerators and washing machines. The 3-pin connector plug connects to the domestic plug and the other end to the vehicle plug.

There are two types of charging cables:

  • 3-pin to type 1 charging cable
  • 3-pin to type 2 charging cable

The 3-pin has a control box running along its length that allows communication between the charging point (and the car). The connector can be charged slowly and has a speed of around 8 miles per hour.

This charging cable is great for EV owners who cannot access fast charging stations and commute only short distances.

Type 1 Cable For Charging Electric Cars

Single-phase plugs are used in Type 1 charging cables. They can charge up to 7.4kW. This connector features 5 pins. It is most commonly used for Asian cars, but very rarely in Europe.

Type 1 plugs can be single-phased and provide fast charging at a power output of 3.7kW-7.4kW AC and a range of about 12.5-25 miles per charge.

Type 2 EV Car Charger Cable

Type 2 (also known as Mennekes) is a 7-pin plug design that is the standard in Europe. It offers fast charging with power outputs of 3.7kW-7kW AC. This power can charge at 12.5-5 miles an hour, which is excellent. Most charging stations now support Type 2 sockets, so compatibility shouldn’t be an issue.

Combined Charging System (CCS)

CCS is a modified version of the Type 2 plug. The CCS has additional power contact points that make rapid charging simple so your car doesn’t need to be charged overnight. These cables support both AC and DC charging and can generate power outputs from 50kW to 300kW.

CHAdeMOCharging Cables Type

These charging cables and plugs offer fast charging up to 50kW DC with a range of 75 miles per charge in just 30 minutes. They are compatible with many car brands, including Honda, Toyota, and Honda.

What Portable EV Charger Should You Choose?

For ordinary EV owners, you have two options when it comes to EV charging cables: one that plugs into a wall socket or one that connects directly to a charging station.

A 3-pin charger, which connects to your EV’s inlet and the wall socket, is a great option if you don’t have access to a nearby charging station.

A charging cable that has an EV socket, such as Type 2 or Type 3, is a smart choice if you have access to a nearby charging station. These cables offer fast charging and greater mileage so that you can reach your destination more confidently. It is also important to consider the availability of the cable.